Amsterdam, the world’s first circular city

At a time when environmental challenges and the scarcity of natural resources are intensifying, the city of Amsterdam is a pioneer in the circular economy. The first major metropolis to embark resolutely on this transition in 2015, the Dutch capital is now regarded as a world model in this field. A look back at the visionary and pragmatic path that led him to this status.

An ambitious strategy from 2015

Amsterdam laid the foundations for its circular transformation in 2015, by adopting a “Circular Economy Action Plan”. This ambitious roadmap set a clear objective: to make Amsterdam a 100% circular city by 2050, by massively reducing the use of new raw materials in its territory.

To achieve this, the municipality has identified seven priority sectors: construction, electrical equipment, office equipment, food waste, plastics, textiles and green waste. These are areas where the challenges of circularity are particularly acute.